Preheat oven to 325° F.
Mix flour, sugar, baking powder, caraway seed, salt, and
baking soda in large mixing bowl. Cut in shortening until
mixture resembles coarse crumbs.
Stir in raisins, egg, and buttermilk; mix until ingredients are just
blended (dough will be somewhat dry).
Turn out onto well floured surface and with floured hands
knead dough 8 to 10 strokes. Shape dough into a ball; place in
greased 2 quart round casserole dish. Brush dough with egg
Bake 1 hour and 20 minutes, or until toothpick inserted
in center comes out clean. (Cover top of bread with foil after 1
hour of baking to prevent over browning). Cool bread in
casserole dish 10 minutes. Remove bread from casserole and
cool completely on wire rack.
TIP: Golden currents can be substituted for the raisins.